Statistics Report Cover 2008

Dependent Children

Children dependent on recipients of a main benefit and on registered job seekers

Trends in the number of children dependent on recipients of a main benefit

Decreases since 2004 in the number of children dependent on recipients of a main benefit (see table 2.18) reflect decreases in numbers receiving main benefits. Of the children dependent on working age benefit recipients over this period, around 82% have been aged under 14 years, including between 30% and 32% who were aged under five years.

Table 2.18 Trends in the ages of children dependent on recipients of a main benefit

Age of child at the end of June 2004 Number 2005 Number 2006 Number 2007 Number 2008 Number
Children dependent on working age recipients of a main benefit1
0-4 years 74,540 70,248 66,478 63,122 63,947
5-9 years 74,119 69,876 65,579 59,808 57,585
10-13 years 54,253 51,230 48,018 43,777 42,343
14-17 years 40,925 40,326 39,522 36,914 35,233
18-19 years 1,619 1,648 1,747 1,703 1,570
Total children dependent on working age clients 245,456 233,328 221,344 205,324 200,678
  Children dependent on other recipients of a main benefit1
Total children dependent on other clients 1,144 1,147 1,171 1,070 1,081
  All children dependent on recipients of a main benefit1
Total 246,600 234,475 222,515 206,394 201,759

Note

  1. Numbers of children dependent on carers who were recorded in SWIFTT as receiving a main benefit at the end of June.

Trends in the proportion of all children aged under 18 years dependent on recipients of a main benefit

Decreases since 2004 in the proportion of all children in New Zealand aged under 18 years who were dependent on recipients of a main benefit at the end of June each year (see figure 2.2) reflect:

  • decreases in the number of people receiving a main benefit (which in turn reflect economic changes, policy changes and operational changes, as outlined above)
  • the ageing of children who do remain dependent on recipients of a main benefit.

Since 2004, the likelihood of children aged under 18 years being dependent on recipients of a main benefit has decreased for each age group (see figure 2.2).

figure 2.2 Trends in the proportion of children aged under 18 years dependent on recipients of a main benefit, by age

Trends in the proportion of children aged under 18 years dependent on recipients of a main benefit, by age.

Note

  1. Proportion shows:
    1. numbers of children in age group identified as dependent on people recorded in SWIFTT as receiving a main benefit at the end of June, divided by
    2. Statistics New Zealand final estimate of the resident population in age group at the end of June.

See table A3.2 for a summary of the SWIFTT data underlying figure 2.2


Trends in the number of children dependent on registered job seekers

Decreases since 2004 in the number of children dependent on registered job seekers (see table 2.19) reflect decreases in the number of job seekers. Since 2004, the proportion of children dependent on working age job seekers who were aged under 14 years has decreased slightly (from 79% to 76%), while the proportion aged under five years has remained around 25%.

Table 2.19 Trends in the ages of children dependent on registered job seekers

Age of child at the end of June 2004 Number 2005 Number 2006 Number 2007 Number 2008 Number
Children dependent on working age job seekers1,2
0-4 years 13,757 10,749 9,790 7,618 4,393
5-9 years 15,789 11,594 11,039 8,516 4,786
10-13 years 13,774 9,724 9,057 7,157 4,120
14-17 years 11,223 8,218 8,043 6,789 3,987
18-19 years 492 407 427 363 192
Total children dependent on working age job seekers 55,035 40,692 38,356 30,443 17,478
  Children dependent on other job seekers1,2
Total children dependent on other job seekers 66 54 58 53 37
  All children dependent on job seekers1,2
Total 55,101 40,746 38,414 30,496 17,515

Notes

  1. Information on numbers and ages of dependent children is only available for job seekers who were also receiving financial assistance from Work and Income. Between 2004 and 2008, the proportion of registered job seekers receiving such assistance has decreased markedly, although it remains a majority of registered job seekers.
  2. Numbers of children dependent on job seekers registered in SOLO at the end of June.

Trends in the proportion of all children aged under 18 years dependent on registered job seekers

Decreases since 2004 in the proportion of all children in New Zealand aged under 18 years who were dependent on registered job seekers at the end of June each year (see figure 2.3) largely reflect reductions in the numbers of job seekers.

Since 2004, children aged 5-13 years have been more likely than children aged under five years or children aged 14-17 years to be dependent on registered job seekers (see figure 2.3). Lower proportions of zero to four year olds dependent on job seekers reflect at least in part the difficulty people with dependent children aged under five years have in meeting the eligibility criteria for registration as a job seeker (eg availability for work), while lower proportions of 14-17 year olds appear to reflect in part the greater ease of obtaining work without facing the requirement to provide supervision of children aged under 14 years.

figure 2.3 Trends in the proportion of children aged under 18 years dependent on registered job seekers, by age1

Trends in the proportion of children aged under 18 years dependent on registered job seekers, by age.

Notes

  1. Information on numbers and ages of dependent children is only available for job seekers who were also receiving financial assistance from Work and Income. Between 2004 and 2008, the proportion of registered job seekers receiving such assistance has decreased markedly, although it remains a majority of registered job seekers.
  2. Proportion shows:
    1. numbers of children in age group identified as dependent on job seekers registered in SOLO at the end of June, divided by
    2. Statistics New Zealand final estimate of the resident population in age group at the end of June.

See table A3.3 for a summary of the SWIFTT data underlying figure 2.3.


Statistics report cover 2008
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